Anorexia is an eating disorder, which is characterized by deliberate weight loss, caused and/or supported by the patient. Patients, who suffer from this disease, severely restrict themselves in eating, usually because of dissatisfaction with their own figure. Food consumption causes the feeling of guilty, which is why many people after meal cause vomiting artificially or put a cleansing enema. Physiological causes can also lead to abnormal weight loss.
Anorexia is a progressive disease that leads to a rapid worsening of physical and psychological health. Therefore, treatment should be conducted as soon as possible.
Causes of anorexia
The full range of causes that can lead to the disease has not been determined yet. In the scientific world, disputes and discussions are being held about this issue. But at some points, experts have already agreed.
- disorders of the immune system;
- various hormonal disorders;
- serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- prolonged hyperthermia;
Much more often the causes of anorexia are psychological problems. Among them:
- low self-esteem;
- hypertrophied perfectionism;
- a distorted view of the correct weight and beauty;
- psychological trauma;
- physical and sexual abuse.
In addition, scientists have proven the influence of heredity. People who have relatives who have suffered or suffer from alcoholism, mental disorders, anorexia, tend to have this disease.
Stages of mental anorexia
This type of disease has three stages of development: primary or dysmorphic, anorectic, cachectic.
The primary stage is characterized by dissatisfaction with your body and anthropometric data. Against this background, a person becomes depressed, he/she has obsessive thoughts. The patient begins to form an aversion to food.
The anorectic stage is an active phase of development. At this time, a person, who suffer from the disease, loses up to 50% of his/her weight. In addition to strict restrictions on the amount of taken food, the patient most often resorts to bulimia – causing vomiting after eating.
The cachectic stage of anorexia is characterized by a significant worsening of person health. There are diseases of the cardiovascular system, degeneration of organs and other negative consequences. Besides that, weight loss becomes uncontrollable. If there is no treatment at this stage, a lethal outcome is possible.
Symptoms of anorexia
In addition to the symptoms, which are described above, it is possible to find other, less visible signs. They appear already at the initial stage of anorexia, which allows to detect and cure the disease in time.
- Obesophobia – the fear of gaining weight;
- Fatfobia is a mental state in which a person tends to become horrified, they start to fear fat people, people who are obese, and also feel disgusting at the same time;
- A focus on the number of calories, which they consume, and the amount of taken food;
- Abnormal desire for increased physical exertion;
- The desire to wear baggy clothes to hide your “extra” weight;
- Constant nervousness, aggression;
- Avoiding activities where it is customary to eat food. Not accepting of cafes or restaurants visiting;
- Frequent dizziness;
- Feeling of cold, which is caused by a weakened circulation;
- Decreased of sexual activity. Women do not have menstruation;
- Sleep disorders.
Diagnosis of anorexia
The main method of diagnosing anorexia is the determination of the body mass index. The formula is as follows: the weight in kilograms must be divided by the height in squared meters. If the index is less than 16, a deficit of mass is diagnosed.
In addition, the diagnosis includes the following procedures:
- Blood chemistry;
- General test of blood and urine;
- A blood test for thyroid hormones;
Treatment of anorexia in the medical center “Medlux”
The specialists of the clinic conduct a whole complex of procedures and therapeutic measures. Therapy consists of medication, psychological help and dietary nutrition.
The main task is to convince the patient that the problem exists. It is necessary to change his perception of beauty and normal weight. For doing it, doctors in “Medlux” talk with the patient, use psychological methods of influence.
Drug treatment is aimed at restoring the affected organs and systems, as well as normalizing the patient’s psychological and emotional states.
The essence of dietary nutrition consists in the selection of optimal products, as well as in the gradual increase in portions. In particularly difficult cases, nutrients are injected intravenously.
As a result of therapy conducted by experienced specialists in “Medlux”, patients gradually gain weight, their health improves, and the wrong worldview is adjusted.
Anorexia is an extremely dangerous disease, and the earlier it is treated, the greater the chance of success. Call us, come to the clinic – do not give the disease a chance!